Defined spaces at Red

Information on what an indoor and outdoor defined space is, and how it applies to face masks and capacity limits.

Indoor defined spaces

Indoor spaces are generally considered to be venues that:

  • are enclosed by a ceiling and walls, or other similar structures, and
  • do not have much, if any, flow of fresh air.

Examples include many gyms, nightclubs, restaurants and halls.

Indoor space is a single defined space if there are walls (permanent or temporary) that divide the space from other spaces. It does not matter if there is shared air between the spaces.

Indoor defined spaces can include temporary structures, like marquees, that are enclosed by temporary walls on multiple sides or plastic domes.

Outdoor defined spaces

Outdoor spaces are generally considered to be places that have good ventilation, with a decent amount of free flowing, fresh air coming into the space.

For example, this could be because the venue:

  • does not have a roof
  • has fewer than 4 walls, or
  • because its walls do not go all the way up and still allow a significant amount of air flow.

An outdoor space is a single defined space if:

  • there are walls (permanent or temporary) that divide the space from other spaces, or
  • there is at least 2 metres separating everyone in the gathering space from people who are outside that space and who are not attending the gathering.

Outdoor defined spaces can include:

  • areas cordoned off with rope, fencing, barriers or bollards with clear entry and exit points.
  • temporary structures, like marquees with sides rolled up and gazebos.

If the venue is both indoors and outdoors

Some venues are made up of indoor and outdoor spaces.

The activity that occurs in these indoor spaces should determine what capacity limit applies to the indoor space — the rule follows the activity. This means that:

  • retail capacity limits (capacity based on 1 metre distancing) generally apply to the indoor places in which people:
    • travel directly through to get to an outdoor space, and/or
    • need to go so they can purchase things (for example food, to eat when back outdoors), and/or
    • need to go to use the bathroom.
  • indoor capacity limits (of up to 200 people based on 1 metre distancing) generally apply to indoor spaces if people are using the space for purposes other than those listed directly above.

When people can move between spaces

If there is more than 1 space on the premises, people using the space (other than workers), cannot mix with other people using, entering, or leaving the premises.

Workers can move between gatherings held in different defined spaces.

Every venue is different, so it is up to the venue owner or gathering organiser to put measures in place to stop groups of people mixing within each defined space.

To ensure groups do not mix, consider:

  • separate entry and exit points
  • staggering start times for events or gatherings
  • separate bathrooms
  • different service counters for food and drinks, and areas where people go up to pay.

Guidance on capacity limits in indoor and outdoor spaces [PDF, 84 KB]

Face masks

You do not need to wear a face mask at an indoor gathering when your gathering is the only one using the defined space.

This means that the area can be closed off to the public and is used only by people attending your event or gathering.

You do not need to wear a face mask at an outdoor gathering.

All workers must wear a face mask at indoor gatherings unless they are exempt.

Capacity limits

Some venues and facilities may have capacity limits based on their defined space.

Capacity limits are based on the number of people who could be in the defined space if everyone stands 1 metre apart, and are limited to a maximum of 200 people.

Smaller spaces may need to have fewer than 200 people. When you are working out the maximum number of people allowed in each defined space, do not include workers.

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