- a new or worsening cough
- a fever of at least 38°C
- shortness of breath
- sore throat
- sneezing and runny nose
- temporary loss of smell.
These symptoms do not necessarily mean you have COVID-19. The symptoms are similar to other illnesses that are much more common, such as colds and flu.
Shortness of breath is a sign of possible pneumonia and requires immediate medical attention.
Less common symptoms
Some people may also have less common symptoms such as only:
- muscle pain
- nausea and vomiting
- confusion and irritability.
If you have any of these symptoms, contact your doctor, Healthline or your iwi health provider.
Time for symptoms to appear
We do not yet know how long symptoms take to show after a person has been infected, but current World Health Organization assessments suggest that it’s 2 to 10 days.
If you have any symptoms
Talk to a health professional
If you have cold or flu symptoms, stay home and call:
- Healthline for free on 0800 358 5453
- your doctor, or
- your iwi health provider.
A health professional will advise whether you fit the criteria for testing. Call your doctor before visiting if you have any symptoms.
Let your health professional know if you have travelled internationally in the past 14 days, or if you have been in contact with a confirmed or probable case.
If you’re outside New Zealand call +64 9 358 5453 or your doctor.
While you have symptoms
- If you’re sick, stay home. Don’t go to work or school. Don’t socialise.
- If you have cold or flu symptoms call your doctor or Healthline and check if you should get tested.
- Wash your hands.
- Sneeze and cough into your elbow, and regularly disinfect shared surfaces.
- If you are told by health authorities to self-isolate do so immediately. If you are awaiting test results you will also need to self-isolate.
COVID-19 is spread by droplets
Like the flu, COVID-19 is spread by droplets from person to person. Good hygiene can prevent its spread.
People can catch the virus through their eyes, nose or mouth.
The scientific evidence proves that COVID-19 is spread by droplets. When an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks, they may spread droplets containing the virus. These droplets are too large to stay in the air for long, so they quickly settle on surrounding surfaces.
People may get infected by the virus if they touch those surfaces or objects, and then touch their mouth, nose or eyes.
That’s why it’s really important to use good hygiene, at any time.
- Regularly wash and thoroughly dry your hands
- Sneeze and cough into your elbow
- Clean or disinfect shared surfaces regularly
- If you have cold or flu symptoms, stay home and call your doctor or Healthline for free on 0800 358 5453.